COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY:-A combination of computer related hardware or software such as multimedia computers, different types of media (graphics, audios and videos) and networked communication tools (email, bulletin boards, Blackboard or WebCT, and list serves), together in an educational setting in order to enhance language learning.

Computer information technology (CIT) is the use and study of computers, networks, computer languages, and databases within an organization to solve real problems. The major prepares students for applications programming, networking, systems administration, and internet development.

Computer Technology means all scientific and technical information or material pertaining to any machine, appliance or process, including specifications, proposals, models, designs, formulas, test results and reports, analyses, simulation results, tables of operating conditions, materials, components, industrial skills, operating and testing procedures, shop practices, know-how and show-how; and,

Technology is the product of transferring scientific knowledge to practical use. Different forms of technology are the result of people trying to find more efficient ways to do things and testing new ideas. Technology is constantly improving and generally aims to make processes easier for people. For example, the internet makes communication easier and more efficient. While a single piece of technology often overlaps into different areas, there are generally six different categories of technology: communication, electrical, energy, manufacturing, medical and transportation.

List Server is a server that manages electronic mailing lists. It enables users to subscribe and unsubscribe to the service, and it forwards messages from publishers to subscribers as required. See electronic mailing list.

Most people use some form of technology every day of their lives. There are many different types of technology, and each one has unique functions that aim to make certain processes more efficient. With a better understanding of different types of technology, you can learn how each type of technology can help improve your daily life, and perhaps, this knowledge can even help you develop a desire for a career in technology. In this article, we discuss what technology is and list 20 common technology types.

Technology is the product of transferring scientific knowledge to practical use. Different forms of technology are the result of people trying to find more efficient ways to do things and testing new ideas. Technology is constantly improving and generally aims to make processes easier for people. For example, the internet makes communication easier and more efficient. While a single piece of technology often overlaps into different areas, there are generally six different categories of technology: communication, electrical, energy, manufacturing, medical and transportation.

computer technology uses means any business activity involved in: the manufacture, repair, or processing and sale of computer related products and or information to other businesses of the public, including those businesses involved in internet technology and activities related to the motion picture, film or recording industries; but does not include retailing other than as an accessory use, on the premises;

Examples of computer Technologies are: software applications and operating systems; web-based information and applications such as distance learning; telephones and other telecommunications products; video equipment and multimedia products that may be distributed on videotapes, CDs, DVDs, email, or the World Wide Web; office products such as photocopiers and fax machines; calculators; and computer hardware. Electronic textbooks, instructional software, email, chat, and distance learning programs are also examples of ICT.

How is “ICT” different from “AT”?

Assistive technology, as it relates to information and communication technology, includes special tools or software to help people use computers, software, the Internet, telephones, or other technology used in education. Examples are: special keyboards; software to magnify a computer screen or audibly read the text on a computer screen; text telephones (TTYs) to help people who are deaf communicate using the telephone.

Information and communication technology may be inaccessible to people if it provides only one way to access the information. For example, those with visual impairments cannot read documents presented only in a visual format; people who are deaf cannot understand content that is only presented orally; people who have limited use of their hands or arms may not use a computer mouse; and people who use wheelchairs may not be able to operate a fax machine if the controls are impossible to reach.

Many of these barriers can be reduced or eliminated when the principles of “universal design” are used to design and develop the information technology. The decision to plan ahead for accessibility can reduce the need for special accommodations.

Information technology

Any equipment or interconnected system or subsystem of equipment, that is used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information.

The term information technology includes computers, ancillary equipment, software, firmware and similar procedures, services (including support services), and related resources.

Examples of computer technology usage

1.     Business

Almost every business uses computers nowadays. They can be employed to store and maintain accounts, personnel records, manage projects, track inventory, create presentations and reports.

They enable communication with people both within and outside the business, using various technologies, including e-mail. They can be used to promote the business and enable direct interaction with customers.

2.     Education

Computers can be used to give learners audio-visual packages, interactive exercises, and remote learning, including tutoring over the internet. They can be used to access educational information from intranet and internet sources, or via e-books.

They can be used to maintain and monitor student performance, including through the use of online examinations, as well as to create projects and assignments.

3.     Healthcare

Healthcare continues to be revolutionized by computers. As well as digitized medical information making it easier to store and access patient data, complex information can also be analyzed by software to aid discovery of diagnoses, as well as search for risks of diseases. Computers control lab equipment, heart rate monitors, and blood pressure monitors. They enable doctors to have greater access to information on the latest drugs, as well as the ability to share information on diseases with other medical specialists.

4.     Retail and Trade

Computers can be used to buy and sell products online – this enables sellers to reach a wider market with low overheads, and buyers to compare prices, read reviews, and choose delivery preferences. They can be used for direct trading and advertising too, using sites such as eBay, Craigslist, or local listings on social media or independent websites.

5.     Government

Various government departments use computers to improve the quality and efficiency of their services. Examples include city planning, law enforcement, traffic, and tourism. Computers can be used to store information, promote services, communicate internally and externally, as well as for routine administrative purposes.

6.     Marketing

Computers enable marketing campaigns to be more precise through the analysis and manipulation of data. They facilitate the creation of websites and promotional materials. They can be used to generate social media campaigns. They enable direct communication with customers through email and online chat.

7.     Science

Scientists were one of the first groups to adopt computers as a work tool. In science, computers can be used for research, sharing information with other specialists both locally and internationally, as well as collecting, categorizing, analyzing, and storing data.

Computers also play a vital role in launching, controlling, and maintaining space craft, as well as operating other advanced technology.

8.     Publishing

Computers can be used to design pretty much any type of publication. These might include newsletters, marketing materials, fashion magazines, novels, or newspapers. Computers are used in the publishing of both hard-copy and e-books. They are also used to market publications and track sales.

9.     Arts and Entertainment

Computers are now used in virtually every branch of the arts, as well as in the wider entertainment industry. Computers can be used to create drawings, graphic designs, and paintings. They can be used to edit, copy, send, and print photographs. They can be used by writers to create and edit. They can be used to make, record, edit, play, and listen to music. They can be used to capture, edit and watch videos. They can be used for playing games.

10. Communication

Computers have made real-time communication over the internet easy, thanks to software and videoconferencing services such as Skype and Zoom. Families can connect with audio and video, businesses can hold meetings between remote participants, and news organizations can interview people without the need for a film crew.

Modern computers usually have microphones and webcams built-in nowadays to facilitate software like Skype, or web-based services like Zoom. Older communications technologies such as email are also still used widely.

11. Banking and Finance

Most banking in advanced countries now takes place online. You can use computers to check your account balance, transfer money, or pay off credit cards. You can also use computer technology to access information on stock markets, trade stocks, and manage investments. Banks store customer account data, as well as detailed information on customer behavior which is used to streamline marketing.

12. Transport

Road vehicles, trains, planes, and boats are increasingly automated with computers being used to maintain safety and navigation systems, and increasingly to drive, fly, or steer.

They can also highlight problems that require attention, such as low fuel levels, oil changes, or a failing mechanical part. Computers can be used to customize settings for individuals, for example, seat setup, air-conditioning temperatures.

13. Navigation

Navigation has become increasingly computerized, especially since computer technology has been combined with GPS technology. Computers combined with satellites mean that it’s now easy to pinpoint your exact location, know which way that you are moving on a map, and have a good idea of amenities and places of interest around you.

14. Working From Home

Computers have made working from home and other forms of remote working increasingly common. Workers can access necessary data, communicate, and share information without commuting to a traditional office. Managers are able to monitor workers’ productivity remotely.

15. Military

Computers are used extensively by the military. They are use for training purposes. They are used for analyzing intelligence data. They are used to control smart technology, such as guided missiles and drones, as well as for tracking incoming missiles and destroying them.

They work with other technologies such as satellites to provide geospatial information and analysis. They aid communications. They help tanks and planes to target enemy forces.

16. Social and Romance

Computers have opened up many ways of socializing that didn’t previously exist. Social media enables people to chat in text or audio in real time across large distances, as well as exchange photographs, videos, and memes. Dating sites and apps help people to find romance. Online groups help people to connect with others who have similar interests. Blogs enable people to post a variety of views, updates, and experiences. Online forums enable discussions between people on specialist or general topics.

17. Booking Vacations

Computers can be used by travelers to study timetables, examine route options, and buy plane, train, or bus tickets. They can be used to explore and book accommodation, whether traditional hotels, or through newer services, such as Air BnB. Guided tours, excursions, events, and trips can also be explored and booked online using computers.

18. Security and Surveillance

Computers are increasingly being combined with other technologies to monitor people and goods. Computers combined with biometric passports make it harder for people to fraudulently enter a country or gain access to a passenger airplane. Face-recognition technology makes it easier to identify terrorists or criminals in public places. Driver plates can be auto-scanned by speed cameras or police cars. Private security systems have also become much more sophisticated with the introduction of computer technology and internet technology.

19. Weather Forecasting

The world’s weather is complex and depends upon a multitude of factors that are constantly changing. It’s impossible for human beings to monitor and process all the information coming in from satellite and other technologies, never mind perform the complex calculations that are needed to predict what is likely to happen in the future. Computers can process the large amounts of meteorological information.

20. Robotics

Robotics is an expanding area of technology which combines computers with science and engineering to produce machines that can either replace humans, or do specific jobs that humans are unable to do.

One of the first use of robotics was in manufacturing to build cars. Since then, robots have been developed to explore areas where conditions are too harsh for humans, to help law enforcement, to help the military, and to assist healthcare professionals.