TYPES OF AIRCRAFT

TYPES OF AIRCRAFT:-An aircraft is a vehicle or machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air. It counters the force of gravity by using either static lift or by using the dynamic lift of an airfoil, or in a few cases the downward thrust from jet engines.

TYPES OF AIRCRAFT

What is the main function of aircraft?

Airplanes are transportation devices which are designed to move people and cargo from one place to another. Airplanes come in many different shapes and sizes depending on the mission of the aircraft.

What is difference between aircraft and aero plane?

An aircraft is any machine that can fly. Airplanes, hot air balloons, helicopters, or even flying platforms are considered aircraft! An airplane is a specific type of aircraft that has fixed wings and is heavier than air that is capable of sustained, powered, and controlled flight.

Types of aircraft

1.     AERODYNE

any heavier-than-air machine, such as an aircraft, that derives the greater part of its lift from aerodynamic forces

  1. aerostat

a lighter-than-air craft, such as a balloon

  1. airliner

a large passenger aircraft

  1. airship

a lighter-than-air self-propelled craft.

  1. amphibian

a type of aircraft able to land and take off from both water and land

  1. autogiro orautogyro

a self-propelled aircraft supported in flight mainly by unpowered rotating horizontal blades.

  1. balloon

a large impermeable bag inflated with a lighter-than-air gas, designed to rise and float in the atmosphere. It may have a basket or gondola for carrying passengers, etc.

  1. biplane

a type of aeroplane having two sets of wings, one above the other

  1. blimp

a small nonrigid airship, especially one used for observation or as a barrage balloon

  1. bomber

a military aircraft designed to carry out bombing missions

  1. canard

an aircraft in which the tailplane is mounted in front of the wing

  1. coleopter

an aircraft that has an annular wing with the fuselage and engine on the centre line

  1. convertiplane, convertaplane, orconvertoplane

an aircraft that can land and take off vertically by temporarily directing its propulsive thrust downwards

  1. cyclogiro

an aircraft lifted and propelled by pivoted blades rotating parallel to roughly horizontal transverse axes

  1. delta-wing

an aircraft with a a triangular sweptback wing

  1. dirigible

another name for airship

  1. dive bomber

a military aircraft designed to release its bombs on a target during a steep dive

  1. drone

a pilotless radio-controlled aircraft

  1. fighter

an armed aircraft designed for destroying other aircraft

  1. fighter-bomber

a high-performance aircraft that combines the roles of fighter and bomber

  1. flying boat

a seaplane in which the fuselage consists of a hull that provides buoyancy in the water

  1. flying wing

an aircraft consisting mainly of one large wing and no fuselage or tailplane

  1. freighter

an aircraft designed for transporting cargo

  1. glider

an aircraft capable of gliding and soaring in air currents without the use of an engine

  1. gyrodyne

an aircraft that uses a powered rotor to take off and manoeuvre, but uses autorotation when cruising

  1. hang-glider

an unpowered aircraft consisting of a large cloth wing stretched over a light framework from which the pilot hangs in a harness, using a horizontal bar to control the flight

  1. helicopter

an aircraft capable of hover, vertical flight, and horizontal flight in any direction. Most get all of their lift and propulsion from the rotation of overhead blades

  1. helicopter gunship

a large heavily armed helicopter used for ground attack

  1. hot-air balloon

a lighter-than-air craft in which air heated by a flame is trapped in a large fabric bag

  1. interceptor orintercepter

a fast highly manoeuvrable fighter aircraft used to intercept enemy aircraft

  1. jet orjet plane

a jet-propelled aircraft

  1. jetliner

a commercial airliner powered by jet engines

  1. jumbo jet

a type of large jet-propelled airliner that carries several hundred passengers

  1. jump jet

a fixed-wing jet aircraft that is capable of landing and taking off vertically

  1. lifting body

a wingless aircraft or spacecraft that derives its aerodynamic lift from the shape of its body

  1. light aircraft

an aircraft having a maximum take-off weight less than 5670 kilograms (12 500 pounds), that is designed to carry a small number of passengers or a small amount of goods.

  1. microlight ormicrolite

a small private aircraft carrying no more than two people, with an empty weight of not more than 150 kg and a wing area not less than 10 square metres: used in pleasure flying and racing

  1. monoplane

an aeroplane with only one pair of wings

  1. multiplane

an aircraft that has more than one pair of wings

  1. night fighter

an interceptor aircraft used for operations at night

  1. ornithopter ororthopter

a heavier-than-air craft sustained in and propelled through the air by flapping wings

  1. rotaplane

an aircraft that derives its lift from freely revolving rotor blades

  1. sailplane

a high-performance glider

  1. seaplane

any aircraft that lands on and takes off from water

  1. skiplane

an aircraft fitted with skis to enable it to land on and take off from snow

  1. Stealth bomber orStealth plane

a type of US military aircraft using advanced technology to render it virtually undetectable to sight, radar, or infrared sensors

  1. STOL

an aircraft that can take off and land in a short distance

  1. swept-wing

an aircraft having wings swept (usually) backwards

swing-wing

an aircraft with variable-geometry wings

  1. tanker

an aeroplane designed to carry liquid in bulk, such as oil

  1. triplane

an aeroplane having three wings arranged one above the other

  1. troop carrier

an aircraft designed for the carriage of troops

  1. turbofan

an aircraft driven by one or more turbofans

  1. turbojet

an aircraft powered by one or more turbojet engines

  1. turboprop orpropjet

an aircraft with a propulsion unit where a propeller is driven by a gas turbine

  1. VTOL

an aircraft with a vertical takeoff and landing system

  1. warplane

any aircraft designed for and used in warfare

  1. zeppelin

a large cylindrical rigid airship built from 1900 to carry passengers, and used in World War I for bombing and reconnaissance