HYPERLOOP TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGIES: Hyperloop Transport is a super speed ground-level transportation system in which people could travel in a hovering pod inside a vacuum tube at speeds as high as 760 mph (1220 km/h), just shy of the speed of sound.

Hyperloop Transportation Technologies, also known as Hyperloop TT, is an American research company formed using a crowd collaboration approach to develop around the world commercial transportation systems based on the Hyperloop concept.


Hyperloop transport technologies is a fifth mode of transportation. It is intended for superfast travel between large cities. Initially Elon Musk has published the concept in the year 2012. Joint team of Tesla and SpaceX are working to develop hyperloop technology-based transportation system.

The hyperloop system consists of two main parts tube consisting of tracks and capsules carrying passengers. The figure-2 depicts internal subsystems of hyperloop capsule. As shown, capsule consists of air compressor on front, passenger compartment in middle and battery compartment at back.

Let us understand how hyperloop technology works. Though tube tracks are designed to have vacuum inside, they are not free of air completely and will have low pressure air inside the capsule. This results into compression of air and consecutively creates cushion of air which slows the speed of the object.

This problem is being overcome in the hyperloop technology as it uses compressor fan at the front of capsule. This compressor fan can re-direct air to the back of the capsule to provide additional propulsion. This redirected air will be sent to the air bearings which levitate the metal capsules above surface of tube in order to reduce friction. This results into achievement very high speed of capsules in the tube. This is how the hyperloop technology works.

Solar panels are used to fulfill power requirements of the hyperloop technology-based train system. The tube track is designed to be immune against bad weather and natural disasters such as earthquakes. It takes only 30 minutes to cover the distance of about 550 Km which is much quicker compare to modern airliner or flight. As shown, there is capacity of about 28 passengers per capsule (2 rows with 14 in single row). Approximately capsules are departed at every 2 minutes, which is average departure time of capsules.

What company owns the hyperloop?

DP World is Virgin Hyperloop’s majority owner, with 76% of shares. Virgin founder Richard Branson was originally drawn to the hyperloop project for its potential to transport passengers. He became the company’s chairman in 2017.

Advantages of Hyperloop Technology | Disadvantages of Hyperloop Transport Technologies

Advantages of Hyperloop Technology

  1. The technology offers very fast speed of transportation which is twice that of aircraft.
  2. It has very low power consumption.
  3. It is low-cost transportation system on long run.
  4. It is immune to bad weather conditions.
  5. It is resistant to earthquakes.
  6. It is safe mode of transportation system.


Following are the disadvantages of Hyperloop transport Technologies:

  1. High speed of capsule (almost at speed of sound) may cause dizziness to the passengers travelling due to vibration and jostling.
  2. Initial cost of investment to have the system in place is very high. The long vacuum chamber manufacturing requires more technical skills. Moreover, this is costly and also risky to maintain.
  3. Land use rights will be concern for deployment of the project.
  4. It has very high risk to life when something wrong happens to the system.
  5. It has limited space in the train and hence people cannot move freely.
    As hyperloop uses steel for track, it expands and changes shape when outside temperature is changed. This may destroy the track of hyperloop technology. This needs to be considered while designing the system based on environment of the location where it is being deployed.
  6. The installation requires cutting of large number of trees. This leads to environment loss.

In conclusion, we can see that Hyperloop may become the future of transportation systems worldwide. If this becomes a reality, even though it is not expected for decades, there will be an immense impact on ordinary people’s lives

Hyperloop will bring sustainability and faster travel, with potential to disrupt competing industries once operational by 2030. With high speeds potentially reaching up to 700mph on the ground, Hyperloop technology will revolutionize the way passengers travel forever and will severely disrupt competing industries many years in the future.

Hyperloop travel, which witnessed its first significant development in 2013 with Elon Musk’s white paper, continues to receive investment and innovation from multi-billion-dollar companies. Virgin has become a leader in the field, having tested the first-ever human hyperloop in November 2020. The first passenger tube is estimated to become fully operational by 2030, with the Pune-Mumbai infrastructure project being the front-runner for the grand opening.